Reptile Foods and Supplements; A User Guide

The EarthPro range of Supplements, Supplementary feeds and Wholefoods represents the very latest in nutritional scientific thought and product sourcing.

Working within our Theory of ‘Wild Re-Creation™’ we have created a ‘Wholly-Natural’ and synergistic range of essential supplement powders and foods that will work with the animal and with each other to help ensure that your animal has fantastic, ‘Wild-Like’ nutrition.

We have developed this programme of dosing that is easy to follow and that will help you to keep your pet in the best of health at all times.

Remember, no one powder or food can do the job on its own! We have to incorporate variety to provide for our animals properly.

Reptiles are ectothermic or ‘cold blooded’. This means that they obtain the energy that they need to move and feed from an external source. This external source is the sun, which provides them with heat through Infra-Red and light including UV. UV, among many other critical interactions, allows animals to create and use essential Vitamin D3.

Nutrition is broken down into 4 core sections;
1. Food
2. Water
3. Exercise (physical and mental enrichment)
4. External sources of energy (solar)

All of these elements are as important as each other.

Internal ‘food and hydration’ has many forms. Reptiles and amphibians on the whole consume a vast variety of food sources. We also have to factor in the vast variety of food sources that the prey sources themselves have consumed and the differing mineral structures of the earth in which the plants have grown. This is a vast and intricate ‘nutritional web’.

It is within this constant variety and having access to wild volumes of heat and UV-rich light that an animal is properly provided for, each according to its own pathway of development. Few species have developed solely to eat only one source of food; most have access to a high number of individual species in the local ecosystem. Each of these insects will have a gut content that is as rich and diverse as the ecosystem itself.

So WHY do we use supplement powders in the first place? The reason is quite simple. Captive diets are reduced in variety and may even contain components that these animals do not use in the wild. By increasing the variety of core food sources and using ‘Wild-Like’ sources of powdered supplement alongside ‘well set’ heat and UVB systems and providing access to enrichment we supply for the core Biological needs of our pets. We can safely provide these items easily using the ‘EarthPro’ programme of care.

Feeding groups

Animals can be classed into a number of feeding groups; each group will have its own needs to find nutrition from the plants and animals that surround it. However, within these loosely labelled groups, wild animals will have access to many more sorts of food. As an example, chameleons consume a large amount of insect protein in the wild but they also have access to and may consume plants, small rodents, birds, reptiles and amphibians if given the chance. As such this variety, even if rarely taken, becomes part of the overall nutrition of an animal through its life. The nutritional diversity aids them through their reproductive and growing cycles. Many species will exhibit changes of dietary preference through the life stages, seeking out higher protein sources of food when young or during breeding seasons.

The core feeding groups are:

Herbivore/Folivore; an animal that mainly eats plants/leaves.
Frugivore; an animal that mainly eats fruits.
Nectivore; an animal that mainly eats nectar/pollen.
Omnivore; an animal that eats a wide variety of food items as opportunity arises.
Carnivore; an animal that mainly eats the flesh of other land based animals
Piscivore; an animal that mainly eats a diet of fish.

Our animals have been placed within these groups through history. These classifications depend largely on a snapshot of what the local peoples, collectors or researchers saw when initially studying, the diets offered and taken when first place into captivity and also through stomach sample analysis. Over time we learn more and the more we learn and observe the greater our level of care can become.

If we can accept that our pet species are not ‘Obligate’ within the groups we can start to offer greater variety and in a safe and measured way once again start to see less incidence of avoidable nutritional and metabolic ‘disease’.

The EarthPro Programme of supplementation and foods have been designed to help you offer wide dietary variety by using safe, natural products. If an animal in the wild obtains a percentage of the minerals that it needs to from the earth, then a mineral offering derived from natural source would be safest to use in captivity. Rather than use a laboratory approximation of the mineral content of the earth, we use a naturally mined ‘Full-Spectrum’ mineral clay as the base of our everyday powder ‘EarthPro-A’. This can therefore be used at every feed to help supply those minerals found in the wild.

EarthPro Supplementation Programme

The programme is based on species groups and with the assumption that a ‘wild-like’ quantity of UVB lighting is provided alongside a controlled and wild-like level of heat and that the animal is hydrated properly. We also assume that the animal has every opportunity to exercise.

Insectivore: EarthPro-A at every feed and on all food items, EarthPro-CalciumProMg at every 4th feed, A quality full-spectrum powder with D3 and A can be offered at feed 6 or 8. We then carry on with this cycle. EarthPro-ShedSupport can be as directed over the shedding period. EarthPro-InsectiGold can be offered as part of the full and varied diet at up to 60% of the total diet, depending on species.

Herbivore; EarthPro-A on every feed with CaMg every 4th feed on all items. A quality powder with D3 and A at feed 6 or 8 as a cycle. ShedSupport can be used where needed as per the instructions. HerbiMix and FlowerBoost can be added into the usual fresh diet at 10% of the volume of the feed.

Omnivore: EarthPro-A at every feed on all food items, EarthPro-CalciumProMg at every 4th feed, A quality full-spectrum powder with D3 and A can be offered at feed 6 or 8. We then carry on with this cycle. EarthPro-ShedSupport can be as directed over the shedding period. EarthPro-OmniGold and EarthPro-InsectiGold can be added into the diet as per the needs of the species. DragonFuel can be added to fresh foods at 10% of the volume of the feed.
Carnivores/Snakes: Defrosted whole animal items can be offered with EarthPro-A at every feed. CaMg at the 4th within a cycle. For problem shedders ShedSupport can be used as per the instructions on the packet. As snakes feed in longer periods the dose is built up per feed and over time

Within these, we have group-specific diets such as StickyFootGold, TurtleGold and AmphibiGold. Please use as per the instructions on the packet.

JellyPotGold treats can be offered to suitable species at will as a ‘treat’ at any time. These are not wholefoods but they do contain high levels of natural ingredients alongside minerals and vitamins. All Livefoods should be well gutloaded with either InsectFuel or InsectFuelGold. Feeding and hydrating our live feeders is an essential method of nutritional transfer that must not be overlooked.

The Importance of Live/Fresh Food

EarthPro Wholefoods have not been designed to replace the entire diet of your pet. They have been designed to greatly increase nutritional variety and help to keep your pet healthy. Further variety must be included. Livefoods are essential for insect eating species as they not only provide extra nutrients but also offer mental and physical enrichment through encouraging hunting behaviours.

Offering fresh fruits, flowers and veg is also essential for Herbivorous and Omnivorous species. This helps to further increase dietary variety and offer greater mixes of nutrients through seasonal availability.

EarthPro Reptile Supplements and supplementary feeds have been designed to help make up for the shortfall between a rather restricted captive diet and the variety that the wild would have provided them with.